Joint Entrance Examination (Jee) is an all India common engineering entrance examination conducted for admission to various engineering
colleges and courses all over the country. The test comprises of two stages - JEE Advanced and the JEE Advanced. The exams are of the objective
pattern. JEE Advanced is regarded internationally as one of the most challenging engineering admission tests.
In 2012, the government-run Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) that earlier conducted the AIEEE, announced this common examination that replaced the AIEEE and IIT-Jee. JEE consists of two parts, JEE Mains and JEE Advanced. Jee-Main exam is for admission to National Institutes of Technology (NITs), Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs), Centrally Funded Technical Institutes (CFTIs) while the Jee-Advanced is for admission to the elite Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs). Only the students selected in JEE Advanceds are eligible for appearing in JEE Advanced. Over 200,000 students are selected each year.
There are some institutes like the Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research (IISERs), Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Petroleum Technology, and the Indian Institute of Science which use the score obtained in JEE Advanced as the basis for admission. These are not participating institutes of central IIT JEE Advanced counselling of which all IITs are the member. Any student who takes admission to IITs cannot appear for the Jee-Advanced exam in the next year, but the same is not the case with IISc, IISER, RGIPT and other institutes as these institutes only use JEE Advanced score for admission.
In September 2013, the IIT Council approved the decision of the Joint Admission Board to continue with the two-phase JEE pattern ("Main" followed by "Advanced") for IITs in 2014. Joint Seat Allocation Authority (JoSAA) conducted the joint admission process for a total of 23 IITs, ISM, 32 NITs, 18 IIITs and 19 other Government Funded Technical Institutes (GFTIs). As per the reports from Ministry of Human Resource and Development (MHRD) of Government of India, the government is considering to conduct only one common engineering entrance test based on the lines of NEET for all engineering colleges, including private institutions, across India. This proposal is said to be implemented from 2018.